-       Stopping Climate Change through the eyes of a Control System engineer.       -       Getting our fire from fission.








Climate Change
can be a fun hobby creating
images for the public about Advanced Energy Systems in the face of Climate Change, Rising Demand, and Legacy Infrastructure.
Wind, solar, electric cars, etc., are essential stepping-stones to ending the world's use of finite fossil fuel fires, enabling us to move to the almost infinite energy world depicted above. 
Why the Fire From Fission theme?  Fossil fuel fires will disappear in the long run. Most of mankind's electrical and heat energy will be indirectly supplied by advanced nuclear fission.
Our heat will come from nuclear fission, be stored in CO2-neutral "fire fuel" molecules made from air's CO2, and be released as it is now - as fire - as needed - by CO2-neutral combustion.
This web site is about how we can get from here to the above image while also having the abundant disposable energy - both nuclear and combustion - necessary for living comfortably.
Same idea from an authority:   Nuclear Hydrogen Biomass System - Slides - Dr Charles W. Forsberg .pdf        Nuclear Hydrogen Biomass System - Paper - Dr Charles W. Forsberg .pdf
Nuclear energy will be needed in massive amounts to make the vision above a reality.  Fortunately, we have all the fuel we will ever need and a better way to dispose of nuclear's waste.
Oil will still be needed in large quantities for non-combustion applications such as chemicals, fiber, and plastics to blunt man's use of natural minerals and fibers for these applications.

What this web site is about. (Click to enlarge.):       Introduction: Fire From Fission  >       To Contents Page For More Details  >

Stopping Climate Change Overview (16 slide presentation)  


A tale of two Carbon Dioxides (CO2s).

Carbon dioxide in the air is a major thermostat gas for Planet Earth.  There are two kinds of carbon dioxides floating around in our air. Identical, but with seriously different histories.

The first kind, which can be labeled Carbon Neutral-carbon dioxide, or "cn-CO2", comes largely from the decay of plants that have lived during the last 70 years or so on Planet Earth.  This CO2 population is about 250 CO2s per million parts of air and that amount has held Planet Earth's temperature to a comfortable average of 59 degrees Fahrenheit since the end of the last ice age about 13,000 years ago.

The second CO2 population, which can be labeled Fossil-carbon dioxide, or "f-CO2", comes from fossil fuels such as coal, oil,
and natural gas. These CO2s came from ancient plants at the time of the dinosaurs, about 150 million years ago.  These plants became covered with dirt and their carbons did not return to the air, become carbon dioxides, and re-join Planet Earth's plant life cycles. Over the millions of years, these buried carbons turned into the fossil fuels man has been digging up and burning for the last several hundred years. Burning, like decay, causes carbon to join with oxygen (02) to form C+O2 or CO2.  The population of f-CO2s in the air is about 150 CO2s per million, making the air's total CO2 population about 400 CO2s per million parts of air.  Increasing the CO2s in the air increases the amount of heat Planet Earth captures from the Sun, thus causing Planet Earth to become warmer.

cn-CO2s and f-CO2s are identical.  Unfortunately, the f-CO2s, being from another time, are like alien zombies from another planet. They must be put back into their graves in the ground. 
Ending Climate Change means somehow the population of CO2s in the air has to be reduced from today's 400 per million back to the original 250 per million.

Bottom Line: Any carbon taken from the ground and burned, thus making CO2, is considered carbon-positive (f-CO2). Any CO2 taken from the air and burned a second time is considered carbon-neutral CO2 (cn-CO2). Any CO2 taken from the air and stored (sequestered) in the ground forever is considered carbon-negative.


Carbon Capture: 2 Ways to pull
Climate Changing CO2 OUT of the Air

Nuclear Powered Direct Air CO2 Capture (DACC)

 "Skyscrubber", Nuclear Powered Direct Air CO2 Capture System  >        

Biofuel Energy Carbon Capture and Sequestration (BECCS)

How carbon capture can be added to the U.S. Capitol's power house.    To Article  >
"The Congress of the United States should not only be a model for the nation, but also a good neighbor." - - - Nancy Pelosi
We can make our Capitol the world's first CARBON-NEGATIVE capitol.

We're talking about those small power plants used for universities, offices, factories, hospitals, airports, military bases, shopping centers, etc.
More about cogenerators from the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions:
Cogenerators at 3,000 U.S. building complex sites make about 10% of ALL U.S. electricity and a similar proportion of U.S. heat.  3/4 use natural gas. 
Large cogeneration systems (100 megawatts or more in capacity) account for roughly 65 percent of total U.S. cogeneration capacity.
This idea is important because the U.S. Billion-ton Biofuel Program promises to replace coal at smaller cogeneration sites: 
A recent study showed using
fossil fuel processed biofuels such as corn actually produced a net increase in Climate Changing CO2.  Biofuels Increase CO2.pdf 
Cellulosic biofuels, a cheaper and much more abundant feedstock, produced by using advanced nuclear reactors to end biofuel's CO2 emissions, are central to this site's concept.


 Introducing clean replacements for Natural Gas, Gasoline, Diesel, and Jet Fuel.

Fire fuel molecules that can be CO2-neutral and cheap to synthesize.
(Below) The CO2-neutral "Meth" molecules we can make from
CO2 (from air) + Hydrogen and Oxygen (from water) and burn in today's cars instead of Gasoline or Ethanol.
Natural Gas IS Methane so while
it would be CO2-neutral, its combustion characteristics would remain the same.
A similar
propane-like molecule, dimethyl ether, would make a good substitute for Diesel (it has a higher Cetane index).

(Gas) CO2-neutral Natural Gas Replacement                     (Liquid) CO2-neutral Gasoline Substitute  (Like Gasoline, it's toxic.)        
Flex-Fuel cars (Gasoline and/or Ethanol E85) could have their computers reprogrammed to include Methanol M85.  Methanol is cheap.
"If you want economy, use methanol.  If you want range, use gasoline.  If you want neither, use ethanol."
METHANOL - Proponents of Methanol Economy win 1 Million Dollar Prize .pdf  Methanol Institute: 

Like ethanol, methanol is a member of the alcohol family.  Your author would be less than intellectually honest if he did not point out the toxicity of the methanol molecule above. 
Like gasoline, methanol is toxic.  People who drink a little methanol go blind.  Drink a lot of methanol and you die.

"Methanol has the ability to liberate humankind from its dependence on fossil fuels for transportation and hydrocarbon products by allowing these to be produced by a technical hydrogenative recycling of CO2, supplementing and in many aspects eliminating limitations of nature’s photosynthetic cycle." -- Olah, George A,  Beyond Oil and Gas: The Methanol Economy (pp. 181-182). Wiley. Kindle Edition.

Using nuclear heat to split Water into Hydrogen and Oxygen to make Methane and Methanol molecules.
The suggestion below is the "hydrogen and oxygen from water" part of the Fire From Fission concept.  To Article  >


Disclaimer: This web site is energy talk by an engineer exploring Climate Change educational concepts, not professional engineering advice. contact  co