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The Era Of Decarbonization.  Transitioning to new fuels between now and 2050.

Chapter 7 Directory:
City Energy and Utility Systems


1   7.1.1 City Energy and Utility Systems >
         7.1.2  About City Energy Systems
         7.1.3  Tackling Megacities First

2   Energy, Electricity 
         7.2.1
 City Electricity
         7.2.2  City Electricity Systems
         7.2.3  Carbon-Negative Electricity From Sewage (25.120)

3   Energy, Heating Biogas 
         7.3.1 
City Heating Biogas made from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)
         7.3.2 
DME Fuel for Electricity Generation and as a Household Gas  (Olah, 11.5)
         7.3.3
 City Heating Gas

         7.3.4  City Gas Energy Systems
         7.3.5  Residential Heating and Cooling  Carbon captured natural gas from heating systems.  70,000 BTU/hr = 20,515 Watts or 98Amps at 220Volts and 0.95 power factor.

4   Water   
         Youtube Videos:
Excellent overview of the world's water issues in general and major desalination technologies.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2XMRlFMJB-g  

Possibly the best explanation of reverse osmosis you will ever see.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mZ7bgkFgqJQ
Tampa Bay Water's reverse osmosis desalination plant:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BMK1MmaFYQg
There are about 13,000 desalination plants worldwide.
         7.4.1  Water and Desalination
        
7.4.2  Water - The energy to move water.  The biggest use of electricity in California is moving water.  Can't be done reliably with wind and solar.  
         7.4.3  Smart Cities
         7.4.4  Nuclear Desalinator Barge
                                 
Nuclear Powered Hydrogen Generator To Make Clean Vehicle Fuels  
         7.4.5  http://inhabitat.com/solar-powered-pipe-desalinizes-1-5-billion-gallons-of-clean-drinking-water-for-california/  ?  Speculative?  Show me the water.

 

5   Sewage 
         
7.5.1 City Sewage  Abundant nuclear energy will enable economic advanced sewage treatment to extract carbon-neutral CO2 as a feedstock for fuels.

6   Garbage (Municipal Solid Waste - MSW)  
         
7.6.1  Garbage or MSW   Abundant nuclear energy will enable economic advanced MSW treatment (Plasma Pyrolysis?) to extract carbon-neutral CO2 as a feedstock for fuels.

7   Communications 
         
7.7.1  City Communications
 

 Transportation 
         
7.8.1  City Transportation

         7.8.2  Beyond Traffic 2045 - US DOT