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Chapter 2 Directory:
Advanced Nuclear Energy
The Advanced Nuclear Technologies - Tomorrow's lowest-cost source of non-biofuel heat.
Advanced Nuclear Reactor Links < Chapter >
About Advanced Nuclear Energy
(Nuclear Technologies Orientation Chart)
IAEA Advanced Reactors Information System database: https://aris.iaea.org/
?. Savannah River Site Small Modular
Reactor (SMR) plans:
Excellent Update Report: "In nuclear poker, who's betting on small
New Folders, Not Integrated Yet: 1. Molten Salt
Reactors 2. Pebble Bed Reactors 3. Micro Reactors
1 2.1.0 Advanced Nuclear Energy > About Advanced Nuclear Energy.
2.1.1 How Fission Works We use electricity all the time in our lives but few know what they are actually doing when they flip a switch connected to a nuclear powered grid.
2.1.2 Radiation Realities of Nuclear Energy
2.1.3 Nuclear Reactor Regulation: The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
2.1.4 The Sub-seabed Solution for Nuclear Waste
2 About Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Waste
2.2.1 How Nuclear Fission Works
Five Minute Refresher On Understanding Radiation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zw0pHT47AAU Their Web Site: Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
2.2.2 Hormesis: Radiation's Healthy Surprise
2.2.3 Sub-Seabed Nuclear Waste Solution The bungled the issue of nuclear waste. A better idea. http://www.theatlantic.com/past/docs/issues/96oct/seabed/seabed.htm
2.2.4 Dispose, Rather Than Decommission, Nuclear Reactors
3 Advanced Nuclear Reactor Types https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_small_nuclear_reactor_designs
2.3.1 Advanced Nuclear Technologies Modular 25 to 300 megaWatt(electrical) units that can come in six and twelve-packs. Replacing the world's 30,000 small coal power plants.
2.3.2 Comparing Reactor Types As with different fossil fuels and the engines they power, different reactors and the engines they power are becoming specialized.
2.3.3 Avoid These Reactors Not all advanced nuclear reactors are desirable. Some are thermal dead-ends that have weapons-grade plutonium as their reason for being..
3a Molten Salt Cooled Reactors Naturally stable, energy dense, molten salt fuel/coolant, powerful, 1,300°F reactors to replace up to the largest industrial coal fires.
3a1. Introduction video. The Molten Salt Reactor Experiment - Oak Ridge video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tyDbq5HRs0o
3a2. Introduction video. Medium temperature molten salt cooled fluid reactor for
replacing coal in existing and new electricity power plants:
Simon Irish on
the "Value of Molten Salt Design in Small Modular
2.3a.1 Terrestrial Energy IMSR Canadian Integral Molten Salt Reactor
Youtube Videos: Climate Change: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lPq7ugLFoDE
Liquid Nuclear Fuel: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LERLuH7kWVs
Let's Get Real (48m): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f4OkFPZuxuQ
Integral Molten Salt Reactor (IMSR) - By Dr. David LeBlanc, Terrestrial Energy Co., Canada, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OgTgV3Kq49U
IMSR Plant Fly-by (33 seconds) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4bFe8Eqrjio IMSR Life Cycle (52 seconds) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PCIbVAmTC7s
IMSR Animation (2:34 minutes) showing storage of spent reactor cartridges to exceed the long investment return life of a coal plant https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L17bCFpMZ5Q
This lecture describes in detail the benefits thorium can bring to the nuclear energy world. (Sorensen) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ODea3YaTmKw
Proposed molten salt cooled nuclear Stirling air turbine baseload + peaking project. (Forsberg) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2zD0m_ci-oo&feature=player_embedded#t=0
2.3a.2 ThorCon 515 megaWatt(e) "If it isn't cheaper than coal, don't bother" - Thorcon.
Youtube Video: ThorCon - A Molten Salt Reactor System That Can Be Built Now. (Lars Jorgensen) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VfsOYzOpYRw
2.3a.3 Moltex http://www.moltexenergy.com/ 150 mW(e) 570C, 1,060F
Simon Irish on
the "Value of Molten Salt Design in Small Modular
the "Value of Molten Salt Design in Small Modular Reactor Innovation":
Molten Salt Reactor Technology Specific Applications (TSA):
TSAs are things you can do with only one type of advanced reactor due to
temperature or power constraints.
2.3a.TSA1 Taichung: Converting Coal To Nuclear Taichung, Taiwan, is the world's largest source of CO2. Here is a way to convert it to "cheaper than coal" nuclear.
2.3a.TSA2 All Existing Coal Electricity Plants
2.3a.TSA3 Coal Fires for Industrial Heating
3b Helium Gas Cooled Reactors - (Both Slow and Fast Gas Cooled Very High Temperature Reactors) Less powerful, very hot, up to 1,700°F, reactors.
3b1. Introduction video. High temperature helium gas cooled pebble bed nuclear reactor for making carbon-neutral biofuels: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JRCIwSV7NMk
3b2. Introduction video. Energy Multiplier Module for making 250 megaWatt(e) electricity without a big
High Temperature Reactors
Naturally stable ceramic fuels heating
helium gas to replace up to the hottest, cleanest, industrial natural gas fires.
2.3b.2 HTR-PM Chinese slow-neutron pebble bed reactor. 40 are being built for the Rongcheng electricity generation complex.
2.3b.3 Areva Antares French slow-neutron prismatic reactor.
2.3b.4 EM2 Reactor http://www.ga.com/energy-multiplier-module General Atomics' helium cooled 240 mW(e) fast-neutron prismatic reactor power plant.
2.3b.5 ALLEGRO Reactor http://www.vuje.sk/en/ Slovakia's 850C, 1,562F, helium cooled 2,400 mW(t), 800 mW(e), fast-neutron pebble/prism reactor for E.U. projects.
Youtube Video: About Allegro: http://www.vuje.sk/en/project-allegro/projekt-allegro ("Allegro" means fast - but not too fast - in music.)
(Sodium cooled fast breeder reactors, at 900F, and having a long record of fires in almost all of their different prototypes, are not considered hot enough or safe enough to be included.)
High Temperature Reactor Technology Specific Applications (TSA): TSAs are things you can do with only one type of advanced reactor due to temperature or power constraints.
2.3b.TSA1 About Direct Air CO2 Removal Skyscrubbers to "mine the sky" for CO2 for Fire from biofuels
2.3b.TSA2 Nuclear Powered Skyscrubber Using nuclear energy to power direct air capture of CO2. A High Efficiency Nuclear CHP Combined electricity and heat Skyscrubber
2.3b.TSA3 About Nuclear Combined Heat and Power (NCHP) Europe's COGEN philosophy. Higher Efficiency Bottoming Cycles (steam and desalination).
2.3b.TSA4 Nuclear Powered Hydrogen Generator To Make Clean Vehicle Fuels
3c Micro-Reactors (Sub-25 mW(e)) Sub-25 megaWatt(electrical) to replace diesel and small gas turbines for combined heat and power (CHP) cogeneration applications.
2.3c.1 Micro-Nuclear Reactors
2.3c.2 Gen4 http://www.gen4energy.com/ United States company development based upon Soviet-era lead-cooled submarine reactors.
2.3c.3 Urenco https://www.u-battery.com/ United Kingdom project. Dual 10 mW(t), 4 mW(e), 710C, prismatic, helium primary, nitrogen secondary
2.3c.4 LeadCold http://www.leadcold.com/ Swedish - Canadian 550C Fast-neutron lead cooled 10 to 30 year run between refuelings
2.3c.5 StarCore Nuclear http://starcorenuclear.ca/#!/welcome/ Dual 10mW(e) load-following units + 10mW(t) heat - HTGR Truncated Octahedron prisms