StoppingClimateChange .com      ALL Energies: Nuclear, Electricity, Gasoline, Diesel, Jet Fuel, Bio Gas      BioEnergy Parks
A combination of energy producing technologies that can stop Climate Change's growth.

Carbon-neutralizing the entire world means building thousands of Nuclear-Hydrogen-Biomass BioEnergy Parks for mass producing synthetic CO2-Neutral fossil fuel equivalent fuels from natural ingredients.
SYNTHETIC BIOFUELS are made by gasifying plant carbon into CO-rich syngas then adding hydrogen gas in the presence of catalysts to synthesize liquid hydrocarbon fuel molecules like gasoline, diesel, etc.
Only massive amounts of very cheap nuclear heat energy can be expected to make this approach economically attractive. The re-usability of readily available unneeded coal power plant sites is fortunate.


Click for individual modules. >       Foreword       Introduction       1       2       3       4       5       6       7       8       9
Replacing coal with nuclear, fossil fuels with synthetic biofuels.

By changing things as little as possible, including lifestyles, we get results as quickly and as inexpensively as possible.

Greenies will fail to stop Climate Change because they have decarbonization wrong. It's the carbon in fossil fuels that make them so damn practical. Consider how problematical hydrogen is. Anything the Greenies come up with will be impractical and eventually abandoned. Biosynfuels use carbon-neutral carbon and are as practical as non-neutral fossil fuels. Energy companies need to be encouraged to make these "CN" fuels.

"Around the world, billions of consumers voluntarily consume fossil fuels to live safe, comfortable, prosperous lives. Tens of thousands of companies and tens of millions of employees provide oil, natural gas, coal, and electricity to them. As such, plentiful, affordable, reliable energy is a global good with moral and enrichment implications—is, has been, will be."   (Come on, Greenies, let's have a little compassion for the public. - JPH)
 - From "Climate Change Lawsuits: Please Excuse Us For Living" - by
Robert Bradley - http://dailycaller.com/2018/04/30/climate-change-lawsuits-please-excuse-us-for-living  

Renewables - wind, solar, etc., are clearly not enough. This gap in our energy needs can be met by small modular reactors producing electricity and synthetic biofuels.
BioE
nergy Parks are the future of the electrical, oil, natural gas, and nuclear industries.

1. Ultimately, the only way the world will stop using fossil fuels is when the energy industries themselves offer clean reliable electricity and carbon-neutral liquid fuels at less cost.
2. Currently, the US Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office has set a goal of less than $3 per gallon gasoline equivalent for advanced biofuels.
3. The Energy Park will use processes that are clean and cost-effective, not energy frugal. This is why a nuclear reactor reactor was selected to be the park's energy source.
4. The flexible Energy Park idea can be implemented immediately as a pilot plant, in 2 years using a 50+ mW NuScale nuclear reactor, in 4 years using a 500 mW ThorCon reactor.
5. This website is being created now to give the reader a head start on actually building BioEnergy Parks by the time several Generation 4 nuclear reactors hit the market.
6. It's critically important that you, the reader, have a clear understanding of what "Carbon Neutral" (CO2-neutral) fire means:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbon_neutrality 

       Biosynfuels will become the primary products for oil companies as decarbonization makes fossil fuels unmarketable.

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What's the big advantage behind having BioEnergy Parks powered by nuclear instead of Wind Farms and Solar Gardens?

The essence of fire is the conversion of a hydrocarbon such as natural gas CH4 (methane) into heat, H20 (water), and CO2 (carbon dioxide). Click  
CO2 also happens to be Planet Earth's major thermostat and thus the major cause of Climate Change.
BioE
nergy Parks, unlike windmills and solar cells, immediately stop the further growth of Climate Change by RECYCLING A FIRE'S CO2 back into a fuel. (Look again at the image at the top of this page.)

BioEnergy Parks use nuclear heat to extract from plants (biomass) the carbon dioxide (CO2) fossil fuels added to the air in the past when they burned. Using some more nuclear heat to power some chemistry, this CO2 is then converted into fossil fuel equivalents thus rendering fossil fuels obsolete. We can then burn these equivalent fuels instead to power our cars and trucks, cook our food, and heat our houses, etc. As with fossil fuels, when this recycled CO2 burns, it becomes heat, water, and CO2 released into the air again. This CO2 would be eventually captured again by biomass (plant leaves) and recycled again into fossil fuel equivalents again.

Recycling fire stops Climate Change's growth but doesn't force us to give up all the ways we use fire to power our daily lives.

Worldwide, there are over 50,000 coal power plant sites with well over 5,000 of them being excellent candidates for upgrading to BioEnergy Parks. BioEnergy Parks will enable mankind to replace the burning of fossil fuels with equivalent biosynfuels to quickly halt Climate Change's further intensification without giving up any of the benefits fossil fuels have brought us.

BioEnergy Parks are intended to enable power-plant and oil companies to also produce and sell clean versions of the various energies we now obtain from fossil fuels - namely, electricity and heat in the form of gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, natural gas - without adding to the climate-changing emissions that fossil fuels also bring.

Just as we can do with nuclear electricity, we can quickly stop Climate Change's growth in the liquid and gaseous fossil fuel applications area.

The advantage of using naturally safe, battery-like, underground, Molten Salt nuclear Reactors (MSRs) is that MSRs will produce the necessary amounts of energy needed to enable you to manufacture both electricity and carbon-free/neutral heating fuels without having to mess around very much with things nuclear. MSRs are a different nuclear animal and when the reactor goes away, so does the radioactivity.

Directions for using a molten salt nuclear reactor: (1) Lease a fresh "reactor in a can" that fits your reactor facility, (2) Lower it into your power plant's reactor silo, (3) Connect it to the steam and hydrogen generation equipment, (4) Initialize it, then run it for 4 to 7 years (depending upon who made it - there are going to be several different manufacturers such as ThorCon, Terrestrial, etc.), (5) When the fuel is depleted, lock the reactor off, (6) Disconnect it, (7) Lift it out of the underground reactor silo, and lower it into a nearby radiation decay and heat decay (cool-down) underground silo for another 4 to 7 years to make it safe for shipping on public roads. (8) Later, a reactor truck, railroad car, or barge will arrive with another fresh reactor, (9) After new reactor delivery, the old, and now cooled-down reactor-in-a-can can be safely transported back to the factory to be refurbished by robots, refueled with fresh fuelsalt, and leased again to some other Energy Park. 

For more ThorCon reactor details, see:  ThorConIsle - Design Paper.pdf   and   ThorCon exec_summary.pdf 

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Introductory Articles

Who came up with these ideas? The Energy Park idea draws its fundamental concepts from two different, but complementary, source documents:
1.,
Dr. Charles Forsberg's "Nuclear-Hydrogen-Biomass System" and
2.,
Dr. George A. Olah's "Beyond Oil and Gas: The Methanol Economy".

The Energy Park idea's Bottom Line: Use Dr. Forsberg's Nuclear-Hydrogen-Biomass System to make
Dr. Olah's Carbon-Neutral Biosynfuels for all commonly used combustion fuels.

Introductory pdf slideshows: 1,  Nuclear-Hydrogen-Biomass System - Slides - Dr Charles W. Forsberg .pdf        2,  Beyond Oil and Gas - Literature Seminar - Lit_T_Matsumoto_B4.pdf

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1. Dr. Charles Forsberg's "The Nuclear-Hydrogen-Biomass System."

In 2007, Dr. Forsberg, a chemist and nuclear scientist from MIT and Oak Ridge Laboratories, prepared a slide show and academic paper to present a related concept to the Annual Meeting of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers .

 
Nuclear-Hydrogen-Biomass System - Slides - Dr Charles W. Forsberg .pdf    Quick slide show overview.
 
 Nuclear-Hydrogen-Biomass System - Paper - Dr Charles W. Forsberg .pdf   
Paper.

 (ABSTRACT)

Meeting U.S. Liquid Transport Fuel Needs with a Nuclear-Hydrogen-Biomass System

Charles Forsberg

Dr. Forsberg's view: "The two major energy challenges for the United States are (1) replacing crude oil in our transportation system and (2) eliminating greenhouse gas emissions.

A strategy is proposed to meet the total liquid-fuel transport energy needs within 30 years by producing greenhouse-neutral liquid fuels using biomass as the feedstock and nuclear energy to provide the heat, electricity, and hydrogen required for operation of the biomass-to-fuels production facilities.

Biomass is produced from sunlight, atmospheric carbon dioxide, and water. Consequently, using liquid fuels from biomass has no net impacts on carbon dioxide levels because the carbon dioxide is being recycled to the atmosphere when the fuel is burnt. The U.S. could harvest about 1.3 billion tons of biomass per year without major impacts on food, fiber, or lumber costs.

The energy content of this biomass is about equal to 10 million barrels of diesel fuel per day; however, the actual net liquid-fuels production would be less than half of this amount after accounting for energy to process the biomass into liquid fuel. If nuclear energy is used to provide the energy in the form of heat, electricity, and hydrogen to support biomass growth and conversion to liquid fuels, the equivalent of over 12 million barrels of greenhouse-neutral diesel fuel per day can be produced. The combination of biomass and nuclear energy may ultimately meet the total U.S. transport fuel needs."
 - (Copy of text on slide 33, above, by Dr. Charles W. Forsberg.)

Conclusion: There is sufficient biomass to meet U.S. liquid-fuel needs if the energy and hydrogen inputs for biomass-to-fuel processing plants are provided by advanced nuclear energy.      
 

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2. In 2006, Nobel Prize winning energy chemist, Dr. George A. Olah, published his influential book: "Beyond Oil and Gas: The Methanol Economy." 


Dr. Olah and his co-authors explored the different fuels that could be made from captured carbon dioxide; how they would be made, their advantages, shortcomings, and potential problems.
https://www.amazon.com/Beyond-Oil-Gas-Methanol-Economy/dp/3527324224      

Beyond Oil and Gas - Literature Seminar - Lit_T_Matsumoto_B4.pdf    A Japanese slide show presenting a quick overview of Dr. Olah's book.

Beyond Oil and Gas - Methanol Synthesis - Summary by George Olah.pdf    Dr. Olah's comments on Methanol Synthesis.

Beyond Oil and Gas - The Methanol Economy - Slide Presentation - R-Prakash-USC-May2014.pdf    A more detailed presentation.



 

Dr. Olah's view: Liquid hydrocarbons are a cheaper, safer, and more energy-dense way to store, handle, and use combustion energy than gaseous fuels such as hydrogen. 
Methanol can be a carbon-neutral lowest common denominator liquid combustion fuel for making most of the other liquid and gaseous fuels along with many other substances.

A few of the images used in this website used to communicate complex technical concepts. (Click to enlarge.)
                                  < "Recycled Fire".

The key is to use nuclear molten salt's electricity and 1,300°F heat lavishly to solve combustion energy's Climate Change problems. 

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Prosperity stabilizes population.  A carbon-free, nuclear powered, prosperous, smaller population is what the world needs.  Nuclear energy - both the electricity and thermal kind - is any country's quickest, cheapest pathway to prosperity. With more cheap power per person, more people will find a way to use that ambient energy to travel a pathway to prosperity. The United States spends 10,000 Watt-hour per day per person; Mexico, 2,000 W-hpd; Haiti, 500 W-hpd.

"In energy-poor societies, the energy cost of pregnancy and of bringing up another child is negligible compared to its labor contribution, which can start at a very early age. According to Seavoy (1986, 20), “Having many children (an average of four to six) and transferring labor to them at the earliest possible age is highly rational behavior in peasant societies, where the good life is equated with minimal labor expenditures, not with the possession of abundant material goods.”
 - Smil, Vaclav. Energy and Civilization: A History (MIT Press) (Kindle Locations 2455-2458). The MIT Press. Kindle Edition.

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Websites on How to Save the Climate

(So far, our leaders in the war against Climate Change are not displaying the public courage and/or strategic thinking of a Montgomery, Patton, Rommel, Yamamoto, or Zhukov. Windmills seem to be about it.)
(In order of appearance)

1. http://www.thesolutionsproject.org/  (Renewable Energy - Wind Farms and Solar Gardens.)  2015, 2017

2. http://www.roadmaptonowhere.com/    
THE MYTH OF POWERING THE NATION WITH RENEWABLE ENERGY  by Mike Conley and Tim Maloney, December, 2017

3. BioEnergy Parks (This website.)  Use the World's unneeded coal power plant sites to make nuclear electricity AND carbon-neutral gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, bio gas. 2018

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Disclaimer: This web site is educational energy talk by an engineer monkeying around with Climate Change's energy concepts, not professional engineering advice.

 

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