Thousands Of Allam-cycle Powered Renewable Fuel Factories Are The First Step Toward Stopping Climate Change

StoppingClimateChange.com  Note: This site supersedes coal2nuclear.com and SkyScrubber.com . 

This could be the dawn of the second fossil fuel age.

Quick Summary: It appears stopping Climate Change's growth before the end of this century has become a distinct possibility. A leading chemical engineer, Rodney Allam, has come up with a new thermodynamic cycle power plant engine intended to end Climate Change. Dubbed the "Allam Cycle", it's relatively simple, exploiting supercritical liquid carbon dioxide - instead of steam, air, or helium - as its working fluid. It can be powered by any gasified fossil fuel. The only emissions are pure high pressure liquid CO2 ready for underground disposal and pure liquid water, each coming out of the engine contained in it's own pipe. A 1/10th size pilot plant has been constructed in LaPorte, Texas (near Houston) and was connected to the electrical grid last October. As far as I know, so far, so good. Toshiba will manufacture the 300 megaWatt full size version. Perhaps Toshiba could license their design to the top power plant companies to make 10 to 20 thousand copies in a couple of years. That would really pull the rug out from under Climate Change.
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vFcbev1TkoU    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1zDZmIDbDO0    https://www.netpower.com/technology/    3b Natural Gas/Oil Allam Cycle CCS Power Plant    3c Coal/Lignite Allam Cycle CCS Power Plant

To this author, this achievement may open the door to halting the 100 million tons of CO2 the world adds to the air every day via unconfined fossil fuel burning and perhaps also halt most of the current plans for building over 1,600 new large conventional coal power plants in 62 countries  [Urgewald's tally], replacing those plans with plans for environmentally safe Allam cycle gasified coal power plants instead. (Recall pre-WWII "Town Gas" made from coal?)

Once fossil fuel CO2 addition to the air is halted by substituting the use of environmentally safe carbon-neutral renewable fuels instead of fossil fuels, CO2 subtraction from the air can begin with the goal of eventually restoring the air to the way it was before the beginning of the first fossil fuel age.

Renewable fuels do not add additional CO2 to the air.

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RENEWABLE Waste-to-Energy FUEL FACTORIES

Thousands Of Allam-cycle Powered Renewable Fuel Factories Are The First Step Toward Stopping Climate Change

Step #1: Stopping Climate Change's relentless 100 million-ton-per-day CO2 growth by phasing out all of fossil fuel's open burning. - Switching to Waste-to-Energy Renewable Fuels to stop climate change's growth will only be embraced by everyone if there is an unlimited supply of genuinely cheaper open-burning fossil fuel substitutes.  Step #2: Once we stop adding fossil CO2 to the air, we begin to suck enough CO2 back out of the air to eventually restore our climate to near-normal.



Equipment Pages  
>  1  2  3 Carbon Captured Power Plant  3a Site Carbon Capture Facility
 4 Hydrogen Generator 5 Biomass Preparation Equipment  6 Plasma Torch Gasifier  7 GTL Refinery  8 Fuels Description

The central idea of this website is to use up the remainder of the world's fossil fuels in fuel-versatile carbon capturing power plants for powering the mass manufacture of open-burnable renewable fuels.
If the fuels powering the Allam cycle power plant are renewable biosynfuels, the process is CARBON-NEGATIVE.
It should be noted that the super-clean, fossil fuel versatile, Allam Cycle 30 mW(e) grid-connected pilot plant, a new form of Oxy-fuel carbon capture, is performing well and appears economically competitive all the way down to non-CCS Lignite.
The first mass production model will be a 300 mW(e) single turbine version made by Toshiba, possibly as soon as 2021. 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vFcbev1TkoU   https://www.netpower.com/technology/

1.    http://plascotechnologies.com/  is offering the technology for a small version of a renewable plasma gasified waste-to-fuel factory now! 
2.   
Also, check out plasma gasifier manufacturer AlterNRG:  http://www.alternrg.com/
               http://www.alternrg.com/waste_to_energy/waste-to-liquids/ 
3.   
Shell Pearl: The world's largest fossil Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) refinery https://www.shell.com.qa/en_qa/projects-and-sites/pearl-gtl.html 

 

         
Maps Showing U.S. UNDERGROUND CARBON CAPTURE STRATA LOCATIONS                      Energy + Hydrogen + Biomass System - (pdf Slide Show) - Dr Charles W. Forsberg

 

We need about 10,000 Fuel Factories immediately to head off the worst of Climate Change.  Like cars, airplanes, and ships, Fuel Factories are modular in design not unlike today's combined cycle electricity power plants, (there is one with seven turbine modules not 15 miles from where I'm writing this). Ten or even 20 fuel factory modules could be located at a single large fuel factory. Such modularity is an economic advantage in quite a few ways. For example, you can run different products on different modules at the same time, varying the numbers of modules making the same product to mesh with current market conditions. The quality and reliability of factory-built modules of anything is hard to beat.  https://www.biomass.net/Biomass-and-Climate-Change.html 

There are almost unlimited opportunities for completely new greenfield Fuel Factories now that prime underground strata for CCS CO2 disposal locations have been identified enabling cheap straight-down CO2 disposal via disposal wells located on site property. No need for a costly national CO2 disposal grid that may take 20 to 40 years to complete due to obstruction by environmentalists.

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CARBON TAXES and CARBON CAPTURE INCENTIVES
Information about the government's different Energy Innovation and Carbon Dividend Acts
(Courtesy of Climate Change Working Group):

First, here's a link to the bill itself: https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/763 
Second, for anyone without the time or interest to read the entire bill, a link to a "road map" of the bill's contents, so the most relevant sections can be found with some ease:  
https://community.citizensclimatelobby.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/Section-by-Section-Analysis-Energy-Innovation-Act-2019.pdf 
Third, here's a link to Citizen's Climate Lobby's website about the bill, which also allows a reader to see who has already endorsed the bill and what the press is saying about it. It includes an endorsement tool: 
https://energyinnovationact.org/ 
Finally, for anyone wanting to compare this bill to other carbon pricing bills, an assessment that compares this bill (sponsored by Rep. Ted Deutch of Florida and therefore called the Deutch bill in the analysis) to others:   https://energypolicy.columbia.edu/research/commentary/how-bipartisan-energy-innovation-and-carbon-dividend-act-compares-other-carbon-tax-proposals

All these carbon tax fees raise a very serious question:
Q. How much per ton of CO2 is going to be refunded by the government to the operators of the above fuel factories to establish and operate a carbon dioxide disposal well on their own property?

A. Deutch bill: This section amends the Tax Code (Title 26) by adding the following subsections: Subtitle L - "Carbon Dividends and Carbon Fee", Sec. 9906 - Carbon Capture and Sequestration:

"Provides a refund of Carbon Fee paid when qualified carbon dioxide is captured and sequestered in a safe and permanent manner. Requires establishment of sound criteria for safe and permanent sequestration. Only CO2 from covered fuels, and only rebate for amount likely to remain sequestered."

- - - In America there are now 2 big carbon capture incentives: A recently expanded federal tax credit for captured CO2 and California’s new law requiring 100% of its electricity come from carbon-free sources by 2045.

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References

                                

                             2016_billion_ton_report_12.2.16_0.pdf (400+ Pages)                                          Methanol - The Basic Chemical and Energy Feedstock of the Future.pdf
                                                                                                                    https://www.chemicals-technology.com/projects/george-olah-renewable-methanol-plant-iceland/                    

                               

The opportunities to reequip our liquid fuels industries with climate-neutral biomass waste-to-fuel energies.
(If you want economy, buy methanol.    If you want mileage, buy gasoline.    If you want neither, buy ethanol.)

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The Climate Change Outlook

              

So, by adding or removing air's CO2, we can set the world's thermostat wherever we like. . . . . .
The CO2 in the air acts like a blanket - the more CO2, the thicker the blanket. Taking CO2 out of the air is like taking a blanket off your bed - you feel the change quickly. More heat in the air makes summer storms more powerful.

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INDEX / SITEMAP

You are on the index page.  Sitemap    Discussion Pages. >        Mankind's last chance to stop Climate Change was at 2:45 PM, on December 8, 1953. --- Environmentalism's Nuclear Disaster      Beyond Fossil Fuels 
Site Facilities:    
 
1 Introduction      1a A Quick Tour      2  Engineering      2d Final Design Plant      Sites:      2.1 Greenfield
Power Plant:        3  Power Plant      3a Stand-alone Full Site Carbon Capture Facility      3b Natural Gas/Oil Allam Cycle CCS Power Plant      3c Coal/Lignite Allam Cycle CCS Power Plant      3d Nat Gas Combined Cycle CCS Power Plant (Allam Backup)      3e The Second Nuclear Age 
Fuel Feedstock:   4  Hydrogen Generator     5  Biomass Preparation      6  Plasma Torch Biomass Gasifier     
Refinery:              7  Biofuel Refinery      8 Renewable BioFuels      Fuels:   
8a Renewable E85 BioEthanol      8b Renewable M70 BioMethanol      8c Renewable BioJet & BioDiesel      8d Renewable Hydrogen      8e Renewable Natural BioGas

Recycling air's CO2 carbon into cheap, clean fuels - using standard industrial equipment to assemble GTL fuel molecules [ GTL ] from gasified biomass to make CO2-neutral fuels.
The big win is that we change only the fuels, not everything in the world that uses fuels.  Much quicker and cheaper.  For the average person, we won't have to buy electric cars, electric heat pumps to heat our water, rebuild our houses, we can keep air travel and our current lifestyles.

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 This page is a "splash" page to bring you up to speed quickly about a complex subject.
   Introduction

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Thoughts

"Technological fixes are often far simpler, and therefore cheaper, than the doomsayers could have imagined." -  ( From Prologue )

The objective of this website is to communicate that the Climate Change crisis resembles the horseshit crisis described in the Prologue's story. Think Renewable Combustion Fuels and Allam Cycle as a way to stop Climate Change.

You have seen what the world's first fast-track Climate Change mitigation web site has to offer.  There must be smarter folks out there with even better ideas.  Let's see them!

I'm not in this Climate Change crap because I have green genes. I've been through it all before in the late 1960s fighting in the battles of the smog wars brought on by the originator of the "Clean Air Act", Republican President Richard Milhous Nixon. Today's Greenies who are talking about adding carbon capture systems to existing energy equipment, batteries to cars, and windmills to national electricity grids have no idea of the problems they are advocating. As a young electronics engineering graduate working for an automotive test instrument manufacturer contracting to Delco Division of General Motors, we were trying to get everything from Chevrolets to Cadillacs to walk the narrow path of clean air. No-Lead gasoline, catalytic converters, exhaust gas recirculation systems, air injection systems, oxygen sensors, and a dozen other then-new and unproven devices that screwed up how cars ran, gave small cars 9 miles-per-gallon gas mileage, and caused more than a few drivers to be killed when they pulled into fast traffic with cars that died when floored, were hung on every new American car just so a few cars wouldn't smog up one tiny chunk of America - the Los Angles basin. I'm here because I've fought the fight and I know how you win and almost all Greenies don't.  They just whimper for climate justice.

In the end, switching from leaded to unleaded gasoline fuels caused several major immediate improvements and made a flock of later minor tweaks possible. I think doing much the same now - switching from fossil CO2 fuels to carbon-neutral renewable fuels, then tweaking the CO2 mass still in the air - will eventually stop Climate Change.
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  Disclaimer: This website is energy talk by an engineer exploring Climate Change's energy concepts and opportunities for creating a clean combustion fuel future - not professional engineering advice.         

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