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                                                                                                                                                                                                         https://www.netpower.com/technology/


This may be the only practical way to save the world from climate change. Speaking about doing the impossible is the first step in achieving what, at first, seems impossible.
Mankind has done "impossibly" great things in the past. - - -  By the way, don't forget to mark your calendars for the July 8 PBS presentation "Chasing the Moon" commemorating the 50th anniversary of the moon shot.

Enabled By The Allam Thermodynamic Cycle, Mankind Can Begin The Work Of Ridding The World Of Climate Change.

 

The electricity industry has demonstrated they are willing to help the world end Climate Change.   Soon Allam technology will enable them to make it so.

 

The Allam Cycle, Operating In BioEnergy Carbon Capture and Sequestration (BECCS) Mode,  Is A Way To Stop, And Then Reverse, Climate Change

We can use a world full of Allam Cycle electricity power plants running in BECCS mode to indirectly Capture and Sequester 100 million tons of CO2 per day.
Admittedly, this is a brute-force strategy - but it will work and now we have the means and motives to do it. The Greenies have tried pleading, windmills, and solar cells for 30 years and failed.

HOW?  1, Electrify everything possible with Allam biomass/fossil fuel electricity. 2, Use carbon-neutral energy fuels for mobility. 3, End unenclosed burning of all fossil fuels. 
4, Forget wind, solar, and nuclear (they can't remove CO2 from the air).  5, Keep on perfecting nuclear for when Climate Change is history and fossil fuel for Allam energy is becoming scarce.

Toshiba, NET Power, Chicago Bridge & Iron, Exelon, and 8 Rivers Capital are working together to develop and commercialize the application of supercritical carbon dioxide power cycle technology for efficient emissions-free electric power generation.
The disruptive, game-changing invention of the Allam Thermodynamic Cycle changes the Climate Change outlook situation for the better.

We can remove the excess CO2 we are putting in the air by making carbon-captured electricity from biomass syngas using the Allam Cycle in BECCS mode. Combined with net-neutral mobile fuels, this may be the quickest way to undo Climate Change.

The Allam Cycle is a very new turbine technology that uses supercritical CO2 instead of steam as its working fluid. As of now, it is only running as a 1/10th size pilot plant in LaPorte, Texas, since last November. So far, so good.
     The company:              https://www.netpower.com/technology/          https://www.netpower.com/news/           https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vFcbev1TkoU          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1zDZmIDbDO0
     Descriptive Articles:     https://www.powermag.com/inside-net-power-gas-power-goes-supercritical/?mypower          supercritical carbon dioxide (sCO2) cycles           This web site Natural Gas or Oil.          This web site Biomass, Coal or Lignite Syngas.          This web site similar technologies.

To be clear about the Allam Cycle engine's capabilities and possibilities: 
The Allam Cycle Engine is a combustion gas machine that runs in the Oxy-fuel Carbon Capture mode. It uses carbon dioxide rather than nitrogen as the combustion diluent. This means it is incapable of producing air-polluting nitrous oxides (NOx). Different versions will enable it to run on the fossil fuels Natural Gas, Oil, Coal, Lignite. It will also run on Biomass Syngas along with carbon-neutral liquid fuels having sufficient thermal energy content such as ethanol, etc. This fuel flexibility assures every country in the world has forms of local energy (often coal or biomass) that can power it and thus obtain Climate Change clean electricity at a very economically desirable cost. Smaller than coal powered steam generators, upgrading existing coal power plant buildings with new replacement Allam machinery may be a possibility for cash-strapped countries.
The Allam Cycle electricity power plant will only be available from a single source, Toshiba, in a single size, 300 megaWatts(e), large enough to power 225,000 California standard I.S.O. houses.

 
It is not possible to stop emitting CO2 now but it may soon be possible to remove as much or more CO2 from the air as we are emitting.
By nulling out CO2 emissions (CO2 ppm flat-lining), we prevent Climate Change CO2 from getting any worse than it is now.
If the Greenies ever do become effective and anthropogenic emissions go down, Climate Change will reverse automatically.

                            

This is what the Allam BioEnergy Carbon Capture and Sequestration (BECCS) cycle is all about.



If the Allam cycle works out, we will have obtained the ability to control Planet Earth's temperature.

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What removing 100 million tons of CO2 per day from the air would involve
 

                 
If you want to capture large volumes of air's CO2 carbon quickly, you can't beat biomass.
 The Allam Cycle 300 megaWatt plant is big electricity. Instead of a train a day of coal, it will be a train a day of wood chips.
http://www.woodworks.org/ 
 

300 mW(e) Toshiba Allam power plant

According to the Georgia Forestry Commission, a typical 50 megaWatt biopower electricity plant might consume 605,120 green tons of wood per year.

A VERY ROUGH ESTIMATE FOR REMOVING 100 MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER DAY FROM PLANET EARTH'S AIR TO MAKE ELECTRICITY:   Assuming similar green wood-to-syngas conversion efficiencies, a single 300 megaWatt Allam cycle power plant might consume syngas containing 3.6 million green tons of wood per year. About half the weight of wood is carbon from the air, in this case 1.8 million tons of carbon per year. Since the weight of the carbon atom is 12/44 (or 0.27) of the weight of a carbon dioxide molecule (i.e., one carbon atom (12 mol), two oxygen atoms (16 mol ea.)), the 1.8 million tons of carbon represents about 6.7 million tons of CO2 captured from the air per year, or 18,000 tons of CO2 per day. 

SCALE UP: If mankind is putting about 100 million tons of CO2 per day into the air, and one average Allam Cycle electricity plant can pull 18,000 tons of CO2 per day out of the air, it might take 5,556 Allam Cycle power plants to zero out the CO2 mankind is currently adding to Climate Change every day with fossil fuels. According to one study, (above right), the total year 2040 addressable market for the Allam Cycle Turbine would be 31,727 units. To put this in perspective, the world currently has well over 50,000 coal power plant units in operation.

Trees are the biggest CO2 capture plants and using their wood pellets to power the newly invented Allam Cycle electricity power plants appear to be the best means invented so far to stuff the CO2 back into the ground forever.

Per unit of heat, BIOMASS delivers the richest amount of air's CO2 carbon from wood (notice green "Biomass" circle above). Instead of being powered by fossil fuels, Allam Cycle electricity plants would be fueled by electrical plasma gasifiers gasifying wood biomass into synthetic heating gas.

This technique falls within the Climate Change mitigation definition known as "Bio-Energy Carbon Capture and Sequestration or (BECCS)". To maximize BECCS economics, the Skyscrubber plants would be built directly over underground strata to enable inexpensive direct injection of the pure liquefied carbon dioxide (CO2) into the sequestration strata.

When sufficient biomass isn't available, the Skyscrubber would blend in the necessary amount of fossil natural gas needed to supply the demand for electricity. Since all Allam Cycle CO2 emissions are sequestered, no environmental harm would be done by using fossil natural gas alone indefinitely if need be.

Once we get enough equipment and wood in place to null out a single day's fossil CO2 emission's, we're well on the road to take Climate Change all the way back down to the beginning of the industrial age.

When we discuss CO2, we are really speaking about the carbon component of carbon dioxide (CO2).  A portion of the CO2 now in the air belongs there, a portion does not.

There may be 3 trillion trees in the world. That's 3 thousand billion. We have to think of biomass such as trees as vegetables, not hallowed repositories of captured CO2. When a tree is full-grown, it stops gathering CO2 from the air to further its growth. The plant's CO2 gathering time is over, its value in the fight against Climate Change is at its maximum. It will eventually die and become mankind's climate enemy, its decaying CO2 returning to the air as surely as if it were burning.

Trees that have reached full growth would be harvested immediately and replaced with small young trees to continue the process of gathering CO2 from the air. The minerals recovered in the gasification clean-up process will be recycled as fertilizers and redistributed in the forest farms.

The harvested trees, along with other waste biomass (city garbage, sewage, agwaste, forest trimmings, etc.) would then be pelletized and their molecules broken down by a electrical plasma torch that makes Sun-hot heat.  Heat this hot breaks the atomic bonds that hold molecules together, creating free carbon atoms, hydrogen atoms, and other atoms the can be reassembled into syngas (synthetic gas) fuel for the Allam power plant.

Once the world realizes it needs thousands of Allam BECCS systems, everyone will want them NOW. In times of emergency, manufacture of critical technologies equipment can be licensed to multiple capable, but competing companies to quickly produce thousands of identical machines. Led by Franklin Roosevelt, the United States did a masterful job of turning the Free World into the "Arsenal of Democracy" during World War II. The United States is again in the position to, this time, invent and produce the tools that save the world from Climate Change.

There is no reason the same emergency production strategies cannot be used to quickly end the Climate Change Crisis.

Cities = power plants.   If ALL the world's fossil fuel electricity power plants were replaced with Toshiba BECCS powered 300 mW Allam electricity plants, we could soon end Climate Change.

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Skyscrubber Clean Energy Parks

Skyscrubber facilities take biomass made of air's CO2, make synthetic heating gas out of it, use the heating gas to make electricity in Allam power plants, then dispose of the air's CO2 forever safely deep underground.
Clean Energy Parks have everything they need to convert some of the synthetic heating gas into net-zero liquid transportation fuels such as gasoline, diesel, jet fuel. Some will, some won't.
If Skyscrubbers run short of biomass heating gas, they can safely use and sequester fossil natural gas to make electricity instead.



Equipment Pages  
>  1 Introduction  2 Engineering  3 Biomass and its Preparation  4 Plasma Torch Gasifier  5 Allam BECCS Power Plant  6 Captured CO2 Disposal Well  7 (Optional) Clean Liquid Vehicle Fuels

A Skyscrubber Clean Energy Park is a dual (300 megaWatt x 2) power plant facility designed to supply the equivalent electrical and other energy demands of 450,000 California I.S.O. houses to its surrounding rural, city, commercial, and industrial populations. It would be equipped with road, railroad, electricity, water, sewage, and digital telecommunication facilities.

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About CO2 Sequestration

"The United States has the technological potential to offset roughly only a decade’s worth of its current CO2 emissions through biological sequestration (i.e., planting trees, etc.,) but a few hundred years’ worth of emissions through carbon dioxide capture and sequestration." - from Congressional Budget Office "The Potential for Carbon Sequestration in the United States, 2007" - Summary, page 2.

Storing CO2 underground can have geological consequences and is only done legally under the supervision of government geological permitting agencies. 
Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership:  https://www.mrcsp.org/ 

We still have several hundred years of fossil fuels remaining. A few hundred years should be enough time to perfect nuclear energy.   

      
Maps Showing various UNDERGROUND CARBON CAPTURE STORAGE STRATA LOCATIONS 

The world may need more than 10,000 Skyscrubber electricity plants to head off the worst of Climate Change.  Like cars, airplanes, and ships, Skyscrubber electricity plants would be modular in design similar to today's electricity power plants. Multiple electricity plants could be located at a single site. Such modularity is an economic advantage in several ways. The cost, quality, and reliability of mass-produced modules of anything is hard to beat.  https://www.biomass.net/Biomass-and-Climate-Change.html 

There are almost unlimited opportunities for completely new greenfield Skyscrubber electricity power plants now that prime underground strata for CCS CO2 sequestration locations have been identified enabling cheap straight-down CO2 disposal via disposal wells located on site property. Since potable water is one of the Allam Cycle's exhaust products, Skyscrubber power plants could be located virtually anywhere there is a CO2 disposal strata and sufficient biomass. This means there is no need for a costly national CO2 disposal grid that may take 20 to 40 years and billions of dollars to complete due to obstruction by environmentalists.
Storing CO2 underground improperly could create a future hazardous site and is only to be done under the supervision of government geological permitting agencies.

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Visit the other technologies needed to build Skyscrubber power plants

1.    http://plascotechnologies.com/  is offering the biomass processing technology for a version of the Skyscrubber power plant now.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YllIj_bzl5A 
2.   
Also, check out plasma gasifier manufacturer AlterNRG:  http://www.alternrg.com/
               http://www.alternrg.com/waste_to_energy/waste-to-liquids/ 

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About ELECTRICITY CARBON TAXES and CARBON CAPTURE and SEQUESTRATION INCENTIVES
Information about the government's different Energy Innovation and Carbon Dividend Acts
(Courtesy of Climate Change Working Group):

First, here's a link to the bill itself: https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/763 
Second, for anyone without the time or interest to read the entire bill, a link to a "road map" of the bill's contents, so the most relevant sections can be found with some ease:  
https://community.citizensclimatelobby.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/Section-by-Section-Analysis-Energy-Innovation-Act-2019.pdf 
Third, here's a link to Citizen's Climate Lobby's website about the bill, which also allows a reader to see who has already endorsed the bill and what the press is saying about it. It includes an endorsement tool: 
https://energyinnovationact.org/ 
Finally, for anyone wanting to compare this bill to other carbon pricing bills, an assessment that compares this bill (sponsored by Rep. Ted Deutch of Florida and therefore called the Deutch bill in the analysis) to others:   https://energypolicy.columbia.edu/research/commentary/how-bipartisan-energy-innovation-and-carbon-dividend-act-compares-other-carbon-tax-proposals

All these carbon tax fees raise a very serious question:
Q. How much per ton of CO2 is going to be refunded by the government to the operators of the above Skyscrubber power plants to establish and operate a carbon dioxide disposal well on their own property?

A. Deutch bill: This section amends the Tax Code (Title 26) by adding the following subsections: Subtitle L - "Carbon Dividends and Carbon Fee", Sec. 9906 - Carbon Capture and Sequestration:

"Provides a refund of Carbon Fee paid when qualified carbon dioxide is captured and sequestered in a safe and permanent manner. Requires establishment of sound criteria for safe and permanent sequestration. Only CO2 from covered fuels, and only rebate for amount likely to remain sequestered."

- - - In the United States there are now 2 big carbon capture incentives: A recently expanded federal tax credit for captured CO2 and California’s new law requiring 100% of its electricity come from carbon-free sources by 2045.

In the U.S., carbon capture has led to the formation of extraordinary alliances. In 2018, a tax credit known as 45Q—so named for the relevant provision in the law—was revised to provide higher incentives for CCS with support from congressional lawmakers of both parties, big oil and gas, industry, and environmentalists. Over time, it will ramp up to $50 per metric ton of carbon stored geologically and $35 per metric ton of carbon stored through enhanced oil recovery, provided projects commence construction by the end of 2023. - Brad Page, Bloomberg Environment, Posted May 13, 2019, 6:00 AM

The LCFS and CCS Protocol: An Overview for Policymakers and Project Developers - California - pdf.  If building the above Skyscrubber Power Plant interests you, you need this document.

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           Net-zero Combustion Fuels To End the 100 Million Tons of CO2 We Are Adding to the Air Every Day

                                

                             2016_billion_ton_report_12.2.16_0.pdf (400+ Pages)                                          Methanol - The Basic Chemical and Energy Feedstock of the Future.pdf
                                                                                                                    https://www.chemicals-technology.com/projects/george-olah-renewable-methanol-plant-iceland/                    

                               

Re-equipping our mobile fuels industries for climate-neutral-only energy products to keep in step with nulling CO2 emissions.

ThorCon - The nuclear Ace up our sleeves.

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Our Climate Change Outlook

                   

So, by adding or removing air's CO2, we can set the world's thermostat wherever we like. . . . . .
The CO2 in the air acts like a blanket - the more CO2, the thicker the blanket. Taking CO2 out of the air is like taking a blanket off your bed - you feel the change quickly. More heat in the air makes summer storms more powerful.

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"Technological fixes are often far simpler, and therefore cheaper, than the doomsayers could have imagined." -  ( From Prologue )

One objective of this website is to communicate that the Climate Change crisis resembles the horseshit crisis described in the Prologue's story. 

Here’s an analogy that Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, who helped compile some of the climate research data for the World Bank, likes to use.
"Take the human body. If your temperature rises 2°C, you have a significant fever. If it rises 4°C or 6°C you can die. It’s not a linear change."

Environmentalism's Nuclear Disaster

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  Disclaimer: This website is energy talk by an engineer exploring Climate Change's opportunities for creating a clean combustion fuel future - not professional engineering advice.