There is nothing you can't understand if it is explained properly. 
Fewer than 1/4 of the world's coal power plants would need to be rebuilt to stop Climate Change's growth.
The remaining CO2-emitting power plants could then be shut down.           (We are currently dumping over 100 million tons of additional CO2 in the air EVERY DAY.)
The world's oil industry has the ability to stop the growth of Climate Change by replacing fossil oil and gas fuels with carbon-neutral oil and gas fuels.

Is It Really, Really, Worth It?          Nuclear-Hydrogen-Biomass System - Slides - Dr Charles W. Forsberg .pdf  - Quick slide show explanation.

Recycling air's CO2 into clean fuels - abstract sketch above - is shown below using industrial equipment to
assemble GTL molecules that make CO2-neutral fire.
To continue to provide mankind whichever energy they need, whenever they need it, in whatever volumes they need it. A combination of clean energy producing technologies for stopping Climate Change's growth.  CO2's carbon has an essential function in most fire.

  Description pages>  Foreword     Oil Industry 2.0     Cheaper Than Coal?     The Technology     Equipment pages>     1     2     3     4     5     6     7     8

  (Click to enlarge.)  (Left) A natural gas carbon-capturing power plant to power the Clean Energy Park while disposing of it's CO2 into the ground.

Shell Pearl:
The world's largest Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) refinery 
Showing what the oil industry could do to abate Climate Change using syngas-to-liquids GTL technologies. Check out Shell's introductory video "What is Pearl GTL?"
This website is about
clean Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) fuels. What is GTL? You can go back and also check out Shell's other video "Shell's GTL Technology".

Shell Pearl clearly and simply illustrates the realization that the world's oil industry has the capacity - personnel, know-how, equipment, and economic ability - to rescue the world from much of the growth of Climate Change if the world would make it worth their while.
Global mass production of simple, standardized, trouble-free Energy Parks should bring substantial reductions in cost-per-park along with improved performance and reliability. Think what mass produced cars, airplanes, and ships have made possible.
(Plasma torches break matter down into it's basic atoms for re-assembly into new molecules.  Although rare on earth, plasma (think lightning and Star Trek weapons) is the fourth state of matter. Plasma is the most common form of matter in space.)
Notice the plasma gasifier has a 1,000 tons-of-garbage-per-day appetite so it needs to be located near 1 large or at the intersection between several medium size cities or in a forest near a number of sawmills and paper mills.  is using city garbage (MSW) to make electricity now!  Check out their videos.
Don't let garbage go to waste!   -  
Let's not fritter valuable CO2-neutral syngas away making electricity.   Make green gasoline instead!


The material presented on this web site was gathered from the internet or a few personal photos over the the last 10 years by a long-retired control systems engineer living mostly on Social Security.

National security expert Tom Nichols poured his expertise into a book about "The Death of Expertise" (Oxford University Press).
"Oftentimes younger people will say, 'Well, the internet is just a big library.' That's wrong; the internet is a big dumpster. There's no guarantee that anything you find on it is true."
"It's more democratic; isn't that good?" asked Silva-Braga.
"No. When it comes to knowledge, more democratic is not good, absolutely not. We don't decide how fast things accelerate in a vacuum by voting on it." - From MSN, 10/15/2018.



Note: U.S. Supercritical and Ultra Supercritical Thermal (Coal) plants and their sites should be reserved for future carbon capture development and considered out of bounds for Clean Energy Parks.

(Below) U.S. Coal Power Plant Shutdown Schedule.  Red - 2000 to 2014, Yellow - 2014 to 2050.
The entire world is covered with similar coal power plant sites about to be shut down either due to emissions or worn out. We couldn't be more fortunate. 

There are about 50,000 more or less identical coal power plant sites worldwide that could make clean energy manufacturing locations.
No magic to tripling a coal power plant site's power output. Just install a three or more times as powerful carbon-captured gas turbine or modular molten salt reactor (SMR) adjacent to the abandoned old coal equipment.

Lights = Cities = Coal Power Plants (click)                                         Major Oil Refineries (click)                         Gasification Facilities (click)




"Nothing in life is more liberating than to fight for a cause larger than yourself, something that encompasses you but is not defined by your existence alone" - John McCain.

"Technological fixes are often far simpler, and therefore cheaper, than the doomsayers could have imagined." -  ( From Foreword )

To stop Climate Change: Electrify everything possible, burn only cheap, clean non-fossil combustion fuels to provide all other energy needs.


Now that you've looked at the "Clean Energy Park" idea opening/overview page, questions come to mind.

What is the proper thing to do about Climate Change now that we find ourselves in this situation?  Mitigation?  Resilience?  Acceptance?

This website is based upon the understanding that fossil fuels will always be preferred as long as clean energy fuels are more expensive. Nuclear appears to be the best path to making cheap clean fuels.
Already, there are over 50 different baby nuclear reactors incubating in technology's development nest. You're bound to find several you like. I point out four on this website that are all very different, yet all very desirable for different applications such as producing electricity, extreme heat, hydrogen, desalinated water, and, of course, carbon-neutral combustion fuels.
The world also has over 200 thousand stationary diesel engines in the 2,000 and under horsepower class cranking out electricity and pumping water in rural locations. A swarm of tiny nuclear micro-reactors are being developed to replace these oil-burners.
Would it be worth living with nuclear's problems if that's what it took to end Climate Change's problems? Nuclear is the most powerful clean energy tool available. 
Of the $556.7 million green-leaning foundations spent from 2011-15, not a single grant supported work on promoting or reducing the cost of nuclear energy
If environmentalism's base - such as Sierra Club - really cared about stopping Climate Change, they would have been 100% behind nuclear by 1990. In light of the bad things Climate Change brings to the wild world, their behavior is simply criminal.


International Panel on Climate Change: Sixth (2018) Assessment Report: 

These people are talking about spending more money than the world has to reduce Global Warming rather than switching to cheaper, cleaner fuels such as carbon-neutral fuels and nuclear, made, distributed, and consumed using well-known equipment and distribution systems already built and in place.


(From Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center Q&A):  Q. In terms of mass, how much carbon does 1 part per million by volume of atmospheric CO2 represent?
Using 5.137 x 1018 kg as the mass of the atmosphere (Trenberth, 1981 JGR 86:5238-46), 1 ppmv of CO2 = 2.13 Gt of carbon.   [G = Giga, or billion.]
- - - So, 400 ppmv CO
2 = 852 Gt of carbon, or 852 billion tons of carbon, or, times 44/12 for CO2 to include the weight of the 2 oxygens at 16 each and one carbon at 12 each = 3,124 billion (3.124 trillion) tons of CO2.
This is why this website is about HALTING the GROWTH of additional CO
2, rather than pulling enough existing old CO2 out of the air to make things right again.

It currently constitutes about 0.041% by volume of the atmosphere, (equal to 410 ppm) which corresponds to approximately 3200 gigatons of CO2, containing approximately 870 gigatons of carbon. Each part per million by volume of CO2 in the atmosphere thus represents approximately 2.13 gigatonnes of carbon Carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere - Wikipedia


Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center
Frequently Asked Global Change Questions 

Q. Are organizations elsewhere in the world studying technologies that could help us address the problem of global climate change?

A. Yes, quite a few. For example:

Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth (RITE) ( in Japan was founded in 1990 as a "research hub ... for the development of innovative environmental technologies and the broadening of the range of CO2 sinks."

GREENTIE, the Greenhouse Gas Technology Information Exchange,  ( an initiative of the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), was established in 1993 "to improve the awareness of, and facilitate the access to, suppliers and experts of `clean technologies', particularly technologies that help mitigate the emissions of greenhouse gases."

CADDETT (, the IEA/OECD Centre for the Analysis and Dissemination of Demonstrated Energy Technologies, "provides an international information network to help managers, engineers, architects, and researchers find out about the energy-saving techniques that have worked in other countries."

ScientecMatrix ( is "a community of over 1000 scientists and technologists working on subjects as diverse as clean energy production from waste." [RMC]

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Disclaimer: This website is energy talk by an engineer exploring Climate Change's energy concepts and opportunities, not professional engineering advice.


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