StoppingClimateChange .com                                 Electrify everything possible, obtain fire from biosynfuels.
(By using nuclear's massive electricity and heat to capture CO2 feedstock directly from the air, and also to process pyrolyzed biofuel feedstock, we can maximize the yield of carbon-neutral biosynfuels.)

No New CO2 ! . . . How Energy Parks could make it happen:


Click for individual module descriptions. >      1            2            3            4            5            6            7            8            9
By changing things as little as possible, we get results as fast and as cheap as possible.

 How much biomass can the U.S. produce every year?  Biomass - US DOE  2016_billion_ton_report_.pdf  The U.S. consumes about 20 million barrels of oil per day.
If 100% of the process heat and electricity came from nuclear and the process reactions were 100% efficient, could this be enough to make perhaps 18 million barrels of biosynfuels per day?
1,000 1 million ton-per-year Skyscrubber Rings might double that number. Keeping the biomass sources nearby and the biosynfuel refinery small is critical to keeping transportation costs low.

   The key is using nuclear's powerful energy lavishly.       Using Nuclear Heat to Make Carbon-Neutral Biosynfuels  

There is a need for someone, somewhere, to publicize a comprehensive overview of the great variety of applications that can, and eventually will, be powered by the world's emerging fleet of small modular nuclear reactors (SMRs). This web site is a start. Everything here can be bought or built today.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Introduction


 

About the Energy Park

The image in the top banner depicts the basics of the only feasible way 10 billion people can power an affluent modern life without creating more CO2.  The banner below it depicts an unneeded medium size coal power plant site converted to manufacture the basic energies needed to power an affluent modern life - i.e., one where machines, not slaves, do most of life's grunt work without creating more CO2.

This industrial facility is called an "Energy Park". It's power - it's source of heat and electricity - is nuclear energy. An energy park's products are electricity and carbon-neutral gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, methanol, and perhaps "natural" gas. Carbon-neutral means that when the combustion fuels are burned they do not add new CO2 to the environment. If you think about the implications of the park's plasma gasifier reducing garbage's embedded metals to stratified molten slag along with recycling carbon in the form of CO2, you may come to realize energy parks are one of the gateways to the future.

Existing coal power plant sites already have the "Right Stuff" to manufacture and transmit electricity and the railroad, land, etc., facilities necessary to support the addition of equipment needed  to manufacture carbon-neutral combustion fuels.  (Check out the banner immediately above.) In some cases the coal part of the coal power plant will have already been decommissioned, the coal in the coal yard used up, making additional land available, the workers jobs terminated and the workers will be beginning to move away. A terrible loss since many possess skills and site knowledge that could form the maintenance cadre of an Energy Park's staff.

Existing coal power plants will soon be for sale very cheap all over the world and should be snapped up by energy companies interested in powering the world of the future. Worldwide, there are over 50,000 coal power plants, some 5,000 to 10,000 of them should be excellent candidates for upgrading into Energy Parks. Medium size coal power plants tend to be located in areas with good access to biomass - rural for woody plants and agwaste, cities for garbage (MSW or Metropolitan Solid Waste) and sewage. Small coal power plants generally have sites and resources too small - and large coal power plants often have too much equipment in a tight site already. Growth space is provided by the existing coal storage area - something oil and natural gas power plants may not have.

SMRs or "Small Modular Reactors". There are a dazzling variety of over 50 different nuclear reactors on the drawing boards today, almost all SMRs, - SMRs are capable of producing amounts of electricity ranging from 5 to 500 megaWatts, making heat at temperatures ranging from 550 degrees F to 900F, to 1,300F, to 1,800 degrees F, powered by both of the common natural nuclear fuels - uranium and thorium along with dozens of different blends of those two plus synthetic isotopes such as the plutoniums, and cooled by water, molten metallic sodium, a special kind of metallic lead, helium and carbon dioxide gas, in addition to several different kinds of molten salt, flowing thick and bright white-hot, looking for all the world like hot lava freshly thrown out of a volcano.

The particular nuclear reactor that has been chosen to power this Energy Park seems to be the best fit at this time. It's actually four 4-year exchangeable 250 mW SMRs-in-a-can, 2 connected in tandem and running, and 2 depleted used cans stored next to them letting the last of their radioactivity decay prior to being sent back to the factory for recycling. Check out ThorCon at: http://thorconpower.com/   

About The Nuclear-Hydrogen-Biomass System

Electrify everything possible, obtain fire from biosynfuels.

Dr. Forsberg's slides: Nuclear-Hydrogen-Biomass System - Slides - Dr Charles W. Forsberg .pdf    Nuclear-Hydrogen-Biomass System - Paper - Dr Charles W. Forsberg .pdf

Dr. Olah's book (and many others) detail the economic manufacture of a large variety of combustion biosynfuels from high quality synthesis gas which can be obtained by plasma torch pyrolysis of biomass.

Key: There is sufficient biomass to meet U.S. liquid-fuel needs provided the energy and hydrogen inputs for biomass-to-fuel processing plants are provided by advanced nuclear reactors.
Biomass - US DOE  2016_billion_ton_report_.pdf 

Why plasma gasification was picked. You can get an idea of the performance of plasma gasification of biomass
from this paper by Czech Republic Milan Hrabovsky, Institute of Plasma Physics, ASCR: 
Thermal Plasma Gasification - 19.316.pdf  also:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasma_torch  

                     How Plasma Torch Pyrolyzation Works:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OWAG4SCZo10
                     Alter Plasma (Westinghouse):  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CBqx8t-YLrw
                     Alter Overview Video:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NrYJof510NU    
                     https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bPRa31dS0vA 
                     https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ut3I7OIPFR8 
                     https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f7gzdFGc3y4 
                     https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kI7s6IRpOHA
                     https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=15bVXLrBW2o 

 

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 

 

 

 

Disclaimer: This web site is energy talk by an engineer exploring Climate Change's educational concepts, not professional engineering advice.

 

  About      Contact      Foreword      Background      Sitemap

 

   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cargo_cult_science